The MATCH function in Excel is a lookup function used to find the relative position of a value within a range of cells. It returns the relative position of the value in the range, i.e. the row number or the column number of the value.
The MATCH function in Excel is a function used to locate the position of a lookup value in a row, column, or table. It can also be used to find the closest match to a specified value in a range of cells.
The function works by searching for a specified value in an array or range of cells and then returning the relative position of that value in the range.
For example, if you were looking for the value “apple” in a range of cells, the MATCH formula would return the relative position of the cell containing the value “apple”. This function is especially useful when looking up data in a large dataset.
=MATCH(lookup_value, lookup_array, [match_type])
where lookup_value: the value you are looking for
lookup_array: the range of cells where the lookup value is located
match_type: [optional] 0: exact match, 1: less than or equal to, -1: greater than or equal to
In our example we’re trying to find if Employee ID no. 436791 is existing in the table. Match type is 0 because we’re looking for an exact match.
If the lookup value is not found in the range, the MATCH formula returns a #N/A error.
Yes, the MATCH formula can search both horizontally and vertically, depending on how the lookup array is specified. If you want to search horizontally, you can use a row or a row range as the lookup array.
The MATCH formula can be used in various contexts, such as finding the position of a student’s score within a range to determine their rank, matching sales figures to specific products or time periods, or looking up related data from another column based on a common value.
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