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Free Debt To Asset Ratio Calculator Online

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The debt to asset ratio calculator is a tool to assess a company’s financial health by indicating the proportion of its assets financed through debt. It’s essentially a measure of how leveraged a company is.

Calculate Debt To Asset Ratio




Debt-to-asset ratio formula

=Total Debt / Total Assets

Where,

  • Total Debt: Financial obligations that need to be repaid. It includes both current liabilities and long-term liabilities. This figure is on the company’s balance sheet under the “Liabilities” section.
  • Total Assets: Everything a company owns that has economic value. It includes tangible assets like property, equipment, and inventory, as well as intangible assets like intellectual property and goodwill. The total assets figure can be found on the company’s balance sheet.

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How To Calculate Debt To Asset Ratio?

Time needed: 2 minutes

Step-by-step guide on how to calculate the debt-to-asset ratio:

  1. Find the Financial Statements

    To get metrics you’ll need the company’s balance sheet.
    Balance sheet with debt to assets rows screenshot from balance sheet example with liabilities and assets

  2. Identify Total Debt

    On the balance sheet, locate the “Liabilities” section. This section will list all the company’s financial obligations. You’ll need to consider both current liabilities and long-term liabilities.

  3. Identify Total Assets

    On the same balance sheet, locate the “Assets” section. This section lists everything the company owns that has economic value. It typically includes:

  4. Perform the Calculation

    Once you have identified the total debt and total assets, simply divide the total debt by the total assets:
    Debt-to-Asset Ratio = Total Debt / Total Assets
    Debt to ration calculation in excel screenshot with formula

  5. Interpret the Ratio

    A higher debt-to-asset ratio indicates a company has financed a larger portion of its assets with debt. This can be a sign of higher risk, as the company has more debt obligations to service. However, a lower ratio doesn’t necessarily mean better. Low ratio might suggest the company isn’t using debt strategically to grow.

Watch a video on how to calculate this ratio 👇

How To Asses Companies Financial Health With Debt To Asset Ratio | KPIs for Business #excel #tips

What is a good ratio?

There’s no single “good” debt-to-asset ratio that applies universally. It depends on several factors such as industry and company life stage. However, here’s a general guideline:

  • A ratio below 1 (or 100%) generally indicates a company has more assets than debt, suggesting a more financially stable position.
  • A ratio around 0.3 to 0.6 is where many investors feel comfortable, though this can vary depending on the company’s specific situation.
  • A ratio above 2 might raise concerns about a company’s ability to manage its debt obligations, potentially indicating higher risk.
infographic indicating what is a good debt to asset ratio and what isn't example from ajelix

Infographic explaining what is a good debt-to-asset ratio, image by author

What are the limitations of this ratio?

  • Asset Quality Blindness: It treats all assets equally, regardless of how easily they can be converted to cash (liquidity). A company with a large amount of inventory (illiquid) might have the same ratio as a company with a lot of cash (highly liquid) – but the second company is obviously in a better position.
  • Debt Type Invisibility: The ratio doesn’t distinguish between different types of debt. Short-term, high-interest debt is riskier than long-term, low-interest debt. They both get lumped together in the calculation.
  • Industry Benchmarks Needed: A high ratio in one industry might be normal, while a low ratio in another could be a sign of trouble. So it’s important to compare the ratio to industry benchmarks.
  • Limited Future View: The ratio is a snapshot of a company’s financial health at a specific point. It doesn’t necessarily predict the future ability to repay debt.

Analysts use the debt-to-asset ratio alongside other metrics like liquidity and interest coverage ratios for a more complete financial picture.

Why measure debt to asset?

  • Unlock company risk: Debt-to-asset ratio reveals how much debt a company finances its assets with. High ratio = potentially risky, low ratio = more stable.
  • Spot smart growth: Young companies with decreasing debt-to-asset ratios might use debt strategically for growth.
  • Assess your own finances: Calculate your debt-to-asset ratio to understand your financial leverage.
  • Context is key: Ideal ratio varies by industry and company life stage.

FAQ

How does the debt-to-asset ratio differ between industries?

It varies greatly. Capital-intensive industries like manufacturing (lots of expensive equipment) tend to have much higher debt ratios than less capital-intensive ones like tech (which relies more on brainpower).

How does a high debt-to-asset ratio affect a company’s risk profile?

A high debt-to-asset ratio increases the risk of defaulting on loans and limits the ability to get new ones, making the company financially shakier.

How can I calculate my own debt-to-asset ratio?

Your debt-to-asset ratio is total liabilities divided by total assets. Find all you owe and own (car, house, savings). A lower ratio (more assets than debt) is generally better financially.

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